Living Environment Regents Review Practice Human Impact On the Environment Question 21
Sunday, 28 June 2009 11:52
The actual population growth is less than the potential population growth. Which statement best explains this premise?
A)More organisms migrated into the population than out of the population.
B)The birthrate gradually became greater than the death rate.
C)Resources in the environment are limited.
D)The final population size is greater than the carrying capacity.
Correct Answer: Option C - Resources in the environment are limited.
The potential growth of a population is dependent on the reproduction capability of an organism without any limitations. There are many limiting factors which include water, shelter, food, living environment, biodiversity etc
The other options are incorrect based on the argument that there would be an increase in the population due to migration as newer species would be added to the environment. the carrying capacity refers to the the ability of the environment to support the biodiversity and the species around for a specific amount of time. Once the carrying capacity of the environment would be exceeded, the population would decrease sharply.
Living Environment Regents Review Practice Human Impact On the Environment Question 22
Sunday, 28 June 2009 11:54
Increased efforts to conserve areas such as rain forests are necessary in order to
B)Promote extinction of species
C)Exploit finite resources
Correct Answer: Option A - Protect biodiversity
Biodiversity is the variety and differences among living organisms from all sources, including terrestrial, marine, and other aquatic ecosystems and the ecological complexes of which they are a part. This includes genetic diversity within and between species and of ecosystems. Rainforests are forests characterized by high rainfall, with definitions setting minimum normal annual rainfall between A750–B000 mm (68-78 inches). The monsoon trough, alternately known as the intertropical convergence zone, plays a significant role in creating Earth's tropical rain forests.
Conservation of rain forests does not exploit finite resources, promote the extinction of species or increase industrialization. Based on the above argument, the rest of the options are incorrect.
Living Environment Regents Review Practice Human Impact On the Environment Question 23
Sunday, 28 June 2009 11:55
Changes in the chemical composition of the atmosphere that may produce acid rain are most closely associated with
A)Insects that excrete acids
B)Runoff from acidic soils
C)Industrial smoke stack emissions
D)Flocks of migrating birds
Correct Answer: Option C – Industrial smoke stack emissions
Acid rain is a by-product of our industrialized society. Air pollution combines with water in the atmosphere and falls to the earth as rain or snow. The soil and bedrock in these areas are not able to counteract the acid in the rain and snow.
Based on the above argument, the rest options are incorrect.
Living Environment Regents Review Practice Human Impact On the Environment Question 24
Sunday, 28 June 2009 11:56
Which practice would most likely deplete a nonrenewable natural resource?
A)Harvesting trees on a tree farm
B)Burning coal to generate electricity in a power plant
C)Restricting water usage during a period of water shortage
D)Building a dam and a power plant to use water to generate electricity
Correct Answer: Option B - Burning coal to generate electricity in a power plant
A non-renewable resource is a natural resource that cannot be produced, re-grown, regenerated, or reused on a scale which can sustain its consumption rate. These resources often exist in a fixed amount, or are consumed much faster than nature can recreate them. Fossil fuel (such as coal, petroleum and natural gas) is an example. In contrast, resources such as timber (when harvested sustainably) or metals(which can be recycled) are considered renewable resources
Based on above definition and options available, option B is the most appropriate correct answer.
Living Environment Regents Review Practice Human Impact On the Environment Question 25
Sunday, 28 June 2009 11:57
Oil spilled by a tanker in Atlantic Ocean causing degradation of marine population is an example of:
A)Renewable resource utilized to support biodiversity
B)Wastage of nonrenewable resource causing imbalance in the marine ecosystem
C)Use of nonrenewable resource synthesizing ATP
D)Use of renewable source of energy, for maintaining the balance of the food web
Correct Answer: Option B - Wastage of nonrenewable resource causing imbalance in the marine ecosystem
A non-renewable resource is a natural resource that cannot be produced, re-grown, regenerated, or reused on a scale which can sustain its consumption rate. These resources often exist in a fixed amount, or are consumed much faster than nature can recreate them. Fossil fuel (such as coal, petroleum and natural gas) is an example. In contrast, resources such as timber (when harvested sustainably) or metals (which can be recycled) are considered renewable resources.
Options A and D are incorrect because oil is a non renewable resource. Option C is incorrect because ATP cannot be synthesized by oil spills.
Living Environment Regents Review Practice Human Impact On the Environment Question 26
Sunday, 28 June 2009 11:58
One way to help provide suitable environment for future generations is to urge individuals to:
A)Apply ecological principles when making decisions that will have an environmental impact
B)Control all aspects of natural environments
C)Agree that population controls have no impact on environmental matters
D)Work toward increasing global warming
Correct Answer: Option A - Apply ecological principles when making decisions that will have an environmental impact
Option A is the most appropriate answer to this question as it helps to make judgment of harmful activities that will harm the environment and human beings. By understanding the ecological principles, it is easier to apply this knowledge to prevent harmful effects.
Living Environment Regents Review Practice Human Impact On the Environment Question 27
Sunday, 28 June 2009 11:59
Dumping raw sewage into a river will lead to a reduction in dissolved oxygen in the water. This reduction will most likely cause:
A)An increase in all fish populations
B)Decrease in most aquatic animal populations
C)An increase in depth of the water
D)Decrease in water temperature
Correct Answer: Option B - Decrease in most aquatic animal populations
Thermal pollution is usually associated with increases of water temperatures in a stream, lake, or ocean due to the discharge of heated water from industrial processes, such as the generation of electricity. Increases in ambient water temperature also occur in streams where shading vegetation along the banks is removed or where sediments have made the water more turbid. Both of these effects allow more energy from the sun to be absorbed by the water and thereby increase its temperature. Cold water contains more oxygen than hot water so increases in temperature also decrease the oxygen-carrying capacity of water. In addition, raising the water temperature increases the decomposition rate of organic matter in water, which also depletes dissolved oxygen. These decreases in the oxygen content of the water occur at the same time that the metabolic rates of the aquatic organisms, which are dependent on a sufficient oxygen supply, are rising because of the increasing temperature.
Based on above argument and the information provided in the question, the other options are in correct.
Living Environment Regents Review Practice Human Impact On the Environment Question 28
Sunday, 28 June 2009 12:01
Car exhaust and exhausts from manufacturing industries, has been blamed for increasing the amount of carbon dioxide in the air. Some scientists believe this additional carbon dioxide in the air may cause
Correct Answer: Option D – Global Warming
Global warming is the increase in the average temperature of the Earth's near-surface air and oceans since the mid-20th century and its projected continuation. Global surface temperature increased 0.74 ± 0.18 °C (1.33 ± 0.32 °F) during the last century.
Biodiversity is the variation of life forms within a given ecosystem, biome, or for the entire Earth. Biodiversity is often used as a measure of the health of biological systems. The biodiversity found on Earth today consists of many millions of distinct biological species, which is the product of nearly 3.5 billion years of evolution
Endangered species are not the only organisms that desperately need to be saved. In order to save organic diversity, we must not only defend populations and species but protect natural ecosystems as well. This is done by minimizing destruction of habitat. Habitat quality is crucial because species cannot survive without homes. No matter how successful captive breeding is, reintroduction of animals into the wild is useless if there is no "wild" to return them to.
Ozone depletion describes two distinct, but related observations: a slow, steady decline of about 4% per decade in the total volume of ozone in Earth's stratosphere (ozone layer) since the late 1970s, and a much larger, but seasonal, decrease in stratospheric ozone over Earth's Polar Regions during the same period. The latter phenomenon is commonly referred to as the ozone hole.
Living Environment Regents Review Practice Human Impact On the Environment Question 29
Sunday, 28 June 2009 12:02
By causing atmospheric changes through activities such as polluting and careless harvesting, humans have
A)Affected global stability in a positive way
B)Established equilibrium in ecosystems
C)Caused the destruction of habitats
D)Replaced nonrenewable resources
Correct Answer: Option C - Caused the destruction of habitats
To preserve natural diversity, we must focus on protecting entire ecosystems. It is impossible to maintain entire biospheres in zoos, laboratories, and botanic gardens. Wherever possible, attempts should be made to rehabilitate the natural environement. It is a good idea to plant native vegetation and provide homes for associated animals. Try not to plant lawns or exotic plants over large areas. Native vegetation could be promoted along railways, highways, and powerlines. Herbicides and other harmful chemicals should be regulated and used with caution. Streams, because they are centers for natural communities, should be left alone wherever possible. Channelization and concrete impoundment should be avoided, because loss of vegetation along streambanks causes erosion.
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